Gasses are dangerous to humans as they can be flammable, toxic, corrosive and can even limit the amount of oxygen in the air. This form of dangerous goods is a class 2 dangerous good in the Dangerous Good Standard and is defined as a substance with a vapor pressure of 300kPa or higher at 50℃ or is completely gaseous at standard atmospheric pressure of 20℃.
These gasses are subdivided into three categories:
2.1. Flammable Gases/Liquids
2.2. Non-Flammable, Non-Toxic Gas
2.3. Toxic Gas
What damage can Dangerous Gasses do to people and the environment?
Dangerous gasses can be hazardous to the human body in a multitude of ways from how it is stored and exposure to the gasses.
These gasses are stored in a pressurized gas bottle, which in itself is a hazard to people and the environment if not handled correctly. If there is any damage to the gas bottle, the pressurized gas that comes out of the bottle can make it become a projectile which will damage the environment around it or the people around it.
Gas leaks can cause catastrophic damage to people and the environment, especially if its in an enclosed area. Depending on the category of the gas; if the gas is a flammable gas, it can easily become an explosion source as it fills up the enclosed space where a minor ignition source (e.g. turning on a light) can cause it to explode.
Non-flammable or toxic gas leakages, can make people feel sick or even replace the oxygen in the air which will become lethal to the human body because we require oxygen to survive. Some of the conditions of exposure to toxic gas can include coughing, tightness of the chest, breathing difficulties, lung injuries and death.
How to Make Precautions when Storing and Handling Dangerous Gasses
Gasses are commonly used in most businesses and industrial areas, so precautions need to be taken when storing and handling these gasses. The precautions should always be considered as you don't want to create any hazards when you are storing these dangerous gasses.
- Make sure any Caps or Seals that came with the gas cylinder is kept in place when not in use to reduce the risk of a hazard occurring.
- Please ensure that all valves are securely closed even when the gas cylinder is empty.
- Ventilation in the areas where the gas cylinder is stored is required in case of leakage which make create hazards for any people in the immediate area.
- Secure the gas cylinder to ensure that there isn't any unintended movement which may result in it falling over. E.g. chaining the cylinders against a wall or storing them in a Gas Cylinder Storage Cabinet.
- Have a Water Hose or Fire Extinguisher handy in case of any fires that are close by which can damage the gas cylinders.
Where should I store my Dangerous Gasses?
It is best to store all your dangerous gasses together in a secure container which would prevent them from falling over.
At Hi-Craft Safety, we have Gas Cylinder Storage Cabinets, Aerosol Storage Cages and Heavy Duty LPG Relocatable Cylinder Stores which would assist you with the safe storage of all your dangerous gasses in the same ventilated area, to ensure the safety of the people and the environment.